memores acti prudentes futuri

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

A Biography 

1. When was the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) born?
He was born on Monday, 9th Rabi Al Awwal, April 22nd, 571 AC.

2. Where was the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) born?
In Makkah

3. What is the name of the Prophet’s father?
Abdullah Ibn Abdul Muttalib.

4. What is the name of the Prophet’s mother?
Aminah Bint Wahhab Ibn Abd Manaf Ibn Zahrah.

5. When and where did his (prophet’s) father die?
He died in Makkah before Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) was born.

6. What is the name of the Prophet’s grandfather?
Abdul Muttalib.

7. What was his granfather’s position?
He was the chief of his clan Bani Hashim.

8. What is the Prophet’s (p.b.u.h.) lineage up to his fifth ancestor?
He is Muhammad Ibn Abdullah Ibn Abdul Muttalib Ibn Hashim Ibn Abd Manaf Ibn Qusai Ibn Kilab.

9. Who suckled the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.)?
First Thuyeba, the freed slave girl of his uncle Abdul Uzza known as Abu Lahab, then Haleema Bint Abu Dhuaib, best known as Haleema Al Sadiyah.

10. Who named the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.)?
Abdul Muttalib.

11. What did Muhammad’s (p.b.u.h.) mother name him?

12. Why did she (the Prophet’s mother) choose this name?
Because she saw an angel in a dream calling the new-born baby Ahmad.

13. How old was Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) when his mother died?
Six years old.

14. Where did his mother take him?
She took him to Yathrib (Madinah) to visit her relatives.

15. Where did his mother die?
On her way back to Makkah, she died at Abwa and was buried there.

16. Who brought Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) back to Makkah?
His father’s slave girl, Umm Aiman (May Allah be pleased with her).

17. Who took the charge of his care?
His grandfather Abdul Muttalib.

18. How long did The Prophet’s grandfather take care of the Prophet Muhammad?
For two years.

19. How was his (Abdul Muttalib’s) behavior with Muhammad (p.b.u.h.)?
He loved him very much and preferred him to his own sons.

20. What did Abdul Muttalib foretell about his grandson?
That he would hold a prestigious position.

21. Who took care of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) after the death of Abdul Muttalib?
His uncle Abu Talib.

22. How old was Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) when his grandfather Abdul Muttalib died?
About eight years old.

23. When did Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) travel to Syria and with whom?
He went to Syria with his uncle Abu Talib when he was twelve years old.

24. Who was Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her)?
She was a wealthy merchant of Makkah.

25. Why did she (Khadijah) want to marry Muhammad (p.b.u.h.)?
Because of his truthfulness and good conduct.

26. When did she (Khadijah) marry Muhammad (p.b.u.h.)?
When she was 40 years old.

27. How old was Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) at the time of the marriage?
He was 25.

28. What did he (the Prophet) give her (Khadijah) as Mahr (dowry)?
Twenty camels.

29. Was Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her) a widow?
Yes. The Prophet (p.b.u.h.) was her third husband.

30. How was Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) known in the society?
He was known as Al Ameen (trustworthy) and Al Sadiq (truthful).

31. Did he get any sort of education?
No, he didnt get any formal education from the society, rather he was taught by Almighty Allah.

32. What should one say when the Prophet’s (p.b.u.h.) name is mentioned?
One should say صلى الله عليه وسلم (May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).

33. How many times is the name of Muhammad mentioned in the Holy Quran?
Four times.

34. What are the names of the Prophet’s (p.b.u.h.) uncles?
They are: Harith, Zubair, Abu Talib, Hamzah (May Allah be pleased with him), Abu Lahab, Ghidaq, Maqwam, Safar and Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him).

35. Did his uncle Abu Talib accept Islam?
No, he died a polytheist.

36. In the New Testament by what name was the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) mentioned?
By the name of Paraclete.

37. What is Kabah?
It is the oldest house of worship on the earth.

38. Who built it?
The Prophet Ibrahim and his son Ismael (May Allah be pleased with them).

39. How did Quraish arrange rebuilding of Kabah?
They divided the work among various tribes. Each tribe was responsible for rebuilding a part of it.

40. Who laid the stones?
A Byzantine mason called Baqum.

41. Where did the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) go into seclusion?
To the Cave of Hira.

42. What was the fist stage of the revelation?
True dreams.

43. When did the first revelation come down to him?
On Monday, 21st of Ramadan, at night (August 10th, 610 AC). He was forty years then.

44. Who brought it?

45. Who were the first to embrace Islam?
Four persons: Khadijah his wife, Zaid Ibn Haritha his freed slave, Ali Ibn Abi Talib his cousin and Abu Bakr his friend (May Allah be pleased with them).

46. Who accepted Islam at the instance of Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him)?
Uthman Ibn Affan, Zubair Ibn Awwam, Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf, Sad Ibn Abi Waqqaas, Talha Ibn Ubaidullah and Saeed Ibn Zaid (Umar’s son-in-law) (May Allah be pleased with them).

47. Who were the ladies to accept Islam at first?
Abbas’s wife Ummaul Fadl, Abu Bakr’s wife Asma Bint Umais, his daughter Asma Bint Abi Bakr and Fatimah Bint Al Khattab Umar’s sister (May Allah be pleased with them).

48. How was the Dawah done in the beginning?
It was done in secret.

49. How many people embraced Islam in the early stage?
About forty.

50. How many years did the call in secret continue?
For three years.

51. During this period, where would the Muslims gather secretly?
They would gather secretly in the house of a Muslim called Arqam to learn about Islam and the revelations sent down to the Prophet (p.b.u.h.).

52. When did the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) start to preach Islam openly?
After three years when he received the revelation to that effect.

53. What was the impact of his public preaching?
The people accepted Islam increasingly.

54. What was the main miracle of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.)?
The Holy Quran.

55. Did the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) perform other miracles?
Yes, the splitting of the moon was one of them.

56. Who was Abu Jahl?
One of the Prophet’s (p.b.u.h.) uncles.

57. Name some of the disbelievers of Makkah who supported the Prophet (p.b.u.h.), but did not embrace Islam until the end.
Abu Talib, Mutim Ibn Adi and Abul Bukhtari.

58. How long did Abu Talib protect the Prophet (p.b.u.h)?
For 42 years – from the Prophet’s childhood until he himself died.

59. Who was Mutim Ibn Adi?
A chief of Makkah.

60. When did he (Mutim Ibn Adi) give protection to the Prophet (p.b.u.h.)?
When the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) returned from Taif and wanted to enter Makkah.
61. When did he (Mutim Ibn Adi) die?
He was killed in the Battle of Badr.

62. Who was Abul Bukhtari?
He was a poet.

63. How did he (Abul Bukhtari) support the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.)?
He spoke out against the social boycott.

64. What lead the Muslims to emigrate to Abyssinia?
Their growing persecution at the hands of Quraish.

65. Which Surah lead to this emigration?
Surah Az Zumar.

66. When was Abul Bukhtari killed?
In the battle of Badr.

67. Who was then the King of Abyssinia?
The King of Abyssinia, known as Najjashi (the Negus), during the time of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) was As’hama.

68. When did the first group of Muslims leave for Abyssinia?
In Rajab, in the fifth year of Prophethood.

69. How many persons were there in the group?
12 men and 4 women.

70. How were the emigrants received in Abyssinia?
They were received warmly and hospitably.

71. When did the second group of emigrants leave for Abyssinia?
In the fifth year of Prophethood.

72. How many people formed the group?
83 men and 18 women.

73. Name a prominent companion included in this group.
Ja’far Ibn Abi Talib (May Allah be pleased with him).

74. What did Quraish do?
They despatched two envoys to Abyssinia to demand the extradition of the emigrants.

75. How did the King respond?
He refused to extradite the Muslims and assured them of his full protection.

76. When did Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) accept Islam?
At the age of 27.

77. Who was Bilal Ibn Rabah (May Allah be pleased with him)?
He was a slave of Umayyah Ibn Khalaf.

78. What was his (Bilal Ibn Rabah’s) origin?
He was of Abyssinian decent.

79. What was the name of Bilal’s mother?

80. Who was Yaser (May Allah be pleased with him)?
He was a slave of Abu Jahl.

81. Who was Sumayyah (May Allah be pleased with her)?
She was Yaser’s (a slave of Abu Jahl) wife.

82. Who was Ammar (May Allah be pleased with him)?
He was Yaser and Sumayyah’s only son.

83. How did Summaya (May Allah be pleased) die?
Abu Jahl murderded her with a bayonet.

84. Who was Zaid Ibn Haritha (May Allah be pleased with him)?
He was a slave.

85. Who purchased him (Zaid Ibn Haritha)?
Khadijah’s nephew Hakim Ibn Hizam purchased him and presented him to her.

86. What did Khadijah do with Zaid Bin Haritha?
She presented him to the Prophet who set him free.

87. Did Zaid Bin Haritha want to go to his parents?
No, he preferred to live with the Prophet (p.b.u.h.).

88. To whom was Zaid Bin Haritha married?
To Umma Aiman (May Allah be pleased with her).

89. Who was Ja’far?
He was the elder brother of Ali Ibn Talib (May Allah be pleased with him).

90. Where did he (Ja’far) emigrate?
To Abyssinia.

91. Who was Ali (May Allah be pleased with him)?
He was the son of Abu Talib and cousin of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.).

92. When did Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) accept Islam?
When he was 19.

93. What was he (Ali) called for his bravery?
The “Lion of Allah”.

94. Whom did Ali first marry?
He first married the Prophet’s (p.b.u.h.) daughter Fatimah (may Allah be pleased with her).

95. How many sons did Ali have from her?
Two sons: Hasan and Husain (May Allah be pleased with them).

96. When did Sa’d bn Abi Waqqas (May Allah be pleased with him) become a Muslim?
When he was 19.

97. Where did Sa’d (May Allah be pleased with him) die?
He died in Al Madinah.

98. What was Sa’d’s advice to Muslims?
To stand united.

99. Who was Abu Bakr’s father (May Allah be pleased with him) and did he accept Islam?
He was Uthman (May Allah be pleased with him) (Abu Quhafah). Yes, he accepted Islam during the Conquest of Makkah.









  1. The Formation of the Universe
  2. The Expanding Universe
  3. The End of the Universe and the Big Crunch
  4. Creation from Hot Smoke
  5. The Separation of the Heavens and the Earth
  6. The Creation of What Lies between the Heavens and the Earth
  7. The Perfect Equilibrium in the Universe
  8. The Fine Tuning in the Universe
  9. The Structural Differences between the Sun, the Moon and the Stars
  10. Orbits and the Rotating Universe
  11. The Sun’s Trajectory
  12. The Moon’s Orbit
  13. Calculating the Lunar Year
  14. The Force of Gravity and Orbital Movements
  15. The Spherical Earth
  16. The Earth’s Direction of Rotation
  17. The Earth’s Geoid Shape
  18. The Diameters of the Earth and Space
  19. Atmospheric Layers
  20. The Well-Guarded Sky
  21. The Sky Made a Dome
  22. The Sky that Returns
  23. The Layers of the Earth
  24. The Earth Disgorges Its Charges
  25. Mountains’ Role
  26. The Moving Mountains
  27. Different Points in the Rising and Setting of the Sun
  28. Land Loss at the Extremities
  29. The Splitting Earth
  30. The Miraculous Iron
  31. The Formation of Petrol
  32. The Relativity of Time
  33. Creation in Six Days
  34. The Truth of Destiny
  35. Duality in Creation
  36. Sub-Atomic Particles
  37. Black Holes
  38. Pulsars: Pulsating Stars
  39. The Star Sirius
  40. Light and Dark
  41. Combustion without Fire
  42. The Weight of Clouds
  43. Rain in Measured Amounts
  44. How Rain Forms
  45. The Quivering and Swelling of the Earth
  46. Rains which Bring a Dead Land Back to Life
  47. The Formation of Hail, Thunder and Lightning
  48. Winds that Fecundate
  49. The Stages of Wind Formation
  50. How the Process of Photosynthesis Begins in the Morbenning
  51. The Separate Seas
  52. The Dark Depths of the Seas and Internal Waves
  53. The Region Responsible for Our Movements
  54. Hearts Find Peace in the Remembrance of Allah
  55. Forgiveness According to the Morals of Islam and Its Benefits on Health
  56. How Prayer Accelerates the Treatment of the Sick Stress and Depression: The Results of Not Abiding by theReligion
  57. A Human Being’s Creation
  58. The Creation of Human Beings from Water
  59. Creation from Clay
  60. The Programming in Genes
  61. The Menstrual Period
  62. Pregnancy and Birth
  63. The Sequence in Development of Human Organs
  64. The Formation of Milk
  65. The Miraculous Mixture: A Mother’s Milk
  66. The Identity Hidden in the Fingerprint
  67. The Female Honey Bee 
  68. The Miracle of Honey
  69. The Date and Its Uses as Described in the Qur’an
  70. The Fig: A Fruit whose Perfection Has Only Recently Been Revealed
  71. Fish: A Valuable Source of Nutrition
  72. Pork and Its Harmful Effects on Health
  73. The Olive: A Health-Giving Plant
  74. Coronary By-Pass Surgery
  75. Health Benefits of Movement, Washing and Drinking Water
  76. The Existence of Microscopic Life
  77. The Existence of Animal Societies
  78. Biomimetics: Drawing Inspiration from the Design in Living Things
  79. Locusts Moving in Swarms
  80. Ant Communication


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GM: I know our Mr Zulkarneyn is quiet han…that’s why I minimized the pic, brrrrr….!!!!!!!!!


[Shamim A Siddiqi, New York]


* He (S) was very kind and merciful and full of concern for believers in Allah [Q9: 128];

* He (S) was at the highest order of morality [Q.68: 4];

* His (S) morals were the embodiment of the Qur’an [Hadith]

* Rasulullah (S) confirmed, “I have been appointed to perfect the morality”. [Hadith]

* He (S) was the Messenger for entire mankind [Q. 7: 158]

* Arabs acknowledged him (S) unanimously and used to call him Al-Sadiq & Al-Ameen

[the Truthful and the Trustworthy]

* He (S)” never speaks out of his own desire and that [what he coveys to you] is but [a

Divine] inspiration with which he is being inspired” [Q. An-Najm: 3-4]

* He (S) said, “Ana Afsahul Arab” [I am the most eloquent person amongst the Arabs]

* An Extraordinary advocate and promoter of “Ilm” [knowledge] in the society:

“Talabul Ilme farizatun ala kulley Muslim” [Acquiring knowledge is obligatory on

every Muslim [and Muslimah] – Hadith –Ibne Ma’ja]

* He (S) was the most ideal and perfect Da’ee Ilallah for all time to come:

* He (S) declared the first Charter of Human Rights in 631 AD from the Mount of

Arafat when he (S) performed his (S) first and the last Hajj.

* He (S) was the most ardent advocate of human rights, wage-earners rights, very benevolent to slaves, care takers of the way farers and the oppressed, the orphans and the rights of women;

* He (S) established the concept of equality amongst human beings, eradicated all kinds of discrimination on account of color, race, wealth, language and geographical boundaries. He made Bilal bin Ribah (RA), a Negro from Eretria the Moazzin of his Mosque and his personal exchequer;

* He (S) was an affectionate father, a dutiful and loveable husband, an ideal neighbor, a trustworthy and honest trader, an efficient administrator, a foresighted statesman and a brilliant general. In short he (S) was the most accomplished human being. Whoso ever came in contact with him (S) adored him, including his adversaries. He (S) is the most perfect ideal in every walk of life for any individual and society to follow as model, the only hope of mankind to deliver Khair [good] to all who resolve to follow him and his teachings.


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