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memores acti prudentes futuri

تانه سمننجوڠ امس

  

 

Ketahuilah oleh mu bahawasanya bumi ini dipanggil

Tanah Semenanjung Emas

-AlamMelayuBlogspot-

 

Locator map

The Malay Peninsula or Thai-Malay Peninsula (Malay: Semenanjung Tanah Melayu, Thai: คาบสมุทรมลายู) is a major peninsula located in Southeast Asia.

The Malay term Tanah Melayu is still occasionally used in political discourse to describe uniting all Malay people on the peninsula under one Malay nation, although this ambition was largely realized with the creation of Malaysia. There is also a Malay minority in Singapore, an island city-state with a Chinese majority that immigrated to the island during the British colonial era.

Golden Chersonese or “Aurea Chersonesus”  is the ancient name to refer to the Malay or Golden  Peninsula given by Claudius Ptolemaeus. Aurea Chersonesus means ‘Golden Land’ in Latin.

Claudius Ptolemaeus, known in English as Ptolemy, was an Ancient geographer, astronomer, and astrologer who probably lived and worked in Alexandria in Egypt in the 2nd century AD.

 

A 15th century manuscript copy of the Ptolemy world map, reconstituted from Ptolemy’s Geographia (circa 150), indicating the countries of “Serica” and “Sinae” (China) at the extreme east, beyond the island of “Taprobane” (Sri Lanka, oversized) and the “Aurea Chersonesus” (Malay Peninsula).

 

Ptolemy’s main work is his Geography. This is a compilation of what was known about the world’s geography in the Roman Empire during his time. He relied mainly on the work of an earlier geographer, Marinos of Tyre, and on gazetteers of the Roman and ancient Persian empire, but most of his sources beyond the perimeter of the Empire were unreliable.

The existence of China was clearly known to Ancient Romans of the 2nd century AD, since its name and position is depicted in Ptolemy’s Geographia, which is dated to c. 150. It is shown as being on the Magnus Sinus (“Great Gulf”), which presumably corresponds to the known areas of the China Sea at the time, although Ptolemy represents it as tending south-east rather than north-east.

The map indicated the countries of “Serica” and “Sinae” (China) at the extreme right, beyond the island of “Taprobane” (Sri Lanka, oversized) and the “Aurea Chersonesus” (Southeast Asian peninsula, from Malacca to southern Thailand). Trade throughout the Indian Ocean was extensive from the 2nd century, and many trading ports have been identified in India and Sri Lanka with Roman communities, through which the Roman embassy passed en route for China. The ancient Han Chinese called the Roman Empire ‘Da-qin’, which meant ‘the other Empire’.

During the Roman time, the Malay Peninsula developed an international reputation as a source of gold, hence the name was given.   The Aurea Chersonesus, the modern Malay peninsula, …. was the source of the gold which King Solomon used in the building of the temple at Jerusalem.

File:PtomelyAsiaDetail.jpg

Detail of East and Southeast Asia in Ptolemy’s world map. Gulf of the Ganges (Bay of Bengal) left, Southeast Asian peninsula in the center, South China Sea right, with “Sinae” (China).
 

Ophir

Ophir (Hebrew: אוֹפִיר, Standard Ofir Tiberian ʾÔp̄îr) is a port or region mentioned in the Bible, famous for its wealth.

This topic of Solomon’s gold cannot be researched without analyzing the ‘types’ of gold used in the Temple construction. This included ‘gold’, ‘pure gold’, the gold of ‘Ophir’ and the gold of ‘Havilah’, ‘good gold’, ‘red gold’ and the gold from the region of the east called Parvaim.

The Gold of Ophir is the most famous name for gold used in the King Solomom’s Temple and vaulted Solomon as the richest man in the world with the successful peril-oceanic sea voyages to Ophir for gold, algum trees, and precious stones.

 

King Solomon is supposed to have received a cargo of gold, silver, sandalwood, precious stones, ivory, apes and peacocks from Ophir, every three years.

Yet where was Ophir. It appeared to be a place famous for its gold as noted in the texts above. In the LXX, this word is rendered “Sophir” and “Sofir”, which is actually the Coptic name for the land of India, which is also, reflected the same in the Vulgate and the Arabic version. In Josephus, he identifies Ophir with the Golden Chersonese or the peninsula of Malay. This is generally recognized with Abhira at the mouth of the Indus River in India.
Quoted from Mishnah 5

 
 

Elevation 1,276 metres (4,186 feet)
Location Peninsular Malaysia
Range Titiwangsa
Coordinates 02°22′27″N 102°36′28″E
Mount Ophir is popularly known as Gunung Ledang  at located at the tip of the Titiwangsa range, somewhere north of Johore state. There are a few popular opinions regarding the origin of the mountain’s name. According to one opinion, ancient history points to the mountain being the site of rich gold deposits, luring traders from as far as Greece and China. The name ‘Ophir’ itself is thought to have originated from the Hebrew language. In the 14th Century, the Chinese seafarers plying the Straits of Malacca called it ‘Kim Sua’ meaning the ‘Golden Mountain’. Another source said that the Javanese during the period of the Majapahit empire named the mountain ‘Gunong Ledang’, which means ‘mount from afar’.
Lagi cerita Gunung Ledang
Menurut kata atuk, puteri bunian di Gunung Ledang merupakan sahabat lama kepada allahyarhamah moyang saya, iaitu Undang Luak Johol yang pertama. Mungkin kerana itu, beliau berhajat untuk membantu keluarga atuk yang dalam kesusahan. Ketika di Gunung Ledang, Tok Cik telah di suruh untuk mengumpul dedaun kayu yang kering dan di bungkus di dalam kain sarung yang di bawa olehnya. Beliau kemudian di suruh membawa pulang bungkusan tersebut dengan syarat tidak boleh membukanya sehingga sampai di rumah. Sampai di rumah, apabila dibuka kain bungkusan tersebut, Tok Cik mendapati dedaun kering tersebut telah bertukar menjadi emas. Pelik bukan? tetapi menurut atuk, emas tersebut akan bertukar semula menjadi dedaun kering selepas masa lebih kurang tiga bulan selepas itu.

Melihat Gunung Ledang dari sudut geografi, ia terletak di kawasan Sagil, dalam daerah Tangkak yang bersempadanan dengan daerah Jasin di Melaka. Gunung setinggi 4,187 kaki (dari aras laut) silamnya dipanggil “Mount Ophir” oleh orang-orang Portugis.( sumber sejarah Melaka di Perpustakaan Lisbon, Portugal) yang menguasai negeri Melaka pada tahun 1511.

Di kawasan gunung ini juga pernah diceritakan wujudnya emas dan pernah ditemui di suatu kawasan gunung yang dinamakan Gunung Gemih. Cerita orang dahulu,, ketika Gunung Ledang masih baru didaki orang dan belum mendapat jalan mendaki seperti sekarang. Sesiapa yang sedang mendakinya akan merasakan sesuatu yang luarbiasa seolah-olah sedang berada di suatu tempat yang sangat indah. Maknanya semangat Puteri Gunung Ledang masih wujud di Gunung Ledang.

Di atas puncak Gunung Ledang, tinggal seorang tuan puteri yang sangat jelita, dikenali sebagai Puteri Gunung Ledang. Namun, Puteri Gunung Ledang bukanlah tinggal keseorangan di atas gunung itu. Dia ditemani oleh para dayang yang menjadi teman dan pembantu setianya. Malah, kononnya turut terdapat seorang nenek kebayan tinggal bersama-sama dengan mereka.

Segelintir penduduk di beberapa buah kampung berhampiran kaki Gunung Ledang sering mendaki gunung itu. Mereka mencari pelbagai jenis hasil hutan di atas gunung itu. Sekali-sekala, mereka terserempak dengan puteri Gunung Ledang. Hal ini demikian kerana Puteri Gunung Ledang sering memberikan pertolongan apabila mereka tersesat jalan atau ditimpa sesuatu kesusahan.
 
 
secupak jadi segantang
mendulang emas di pantai Mersing 
 

 

 

Oleh yang demikian, nama Puteri Gunung Ledang menjadi sebutan dan termasyhur ke mana-mana.
Puteri Gunung Ledang
    

sources :

  

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Chersonese

Christopher Columbus http://www.henry-davis.com/MAPS/Ren/Ren1/308mono.html

Mishnah 5 http://www.biblesearchers.com/temples/jeremiah7.shtml

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Ophir
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ophir

 

Waterfall on Mt. Ophir

 Gunung Ledang

Filed under: History Reveals

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