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The Government of Brunei Darussalam


National Philosophy

MIB Concept

The National Philosophy of Melayu Islam Beraja (Malay Islamic Monarchy) has actually been in existence as far back as 100 AD. The Brunei Malay Monarchy is believed to have been established in early 5th century. Islam spread to the Malay Archipelago in the 6th century and became official religion in the 14th century when the Brunei King, Sang Aji Awang Alak Betatar became the first Sultan known as Sultan Muhammad Shah.

His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah officially proclaimed this MIB philosophy on the first of January 1984 – the very moment Brunei Darussalam assumed its independent and sovereign status. It has become the nation’s formal guiding light and as a way of life for Brunei Darussalam. It is a blend of Malay language, culture and Malay customs, the teaching of Islamic laws and values and the monarchy system which must be esteemed and practiced by all. Islam is tolerant of all religions so the MIB philosophy cannot be viewed as a force which stifles the practice of other religions. Rather it is a vehicle by which other religions can carry on as usual their religious practices and rites with the respects and peace they deserve.

Brunei Darussalam as an Islamic nation honours everything which embodies Islam in a moderate way. It observes special days in the Islamic calendar such as Hari Raya Aidil Fitri and Hari Raya Puasa and important events in the Islamic history such as the birth of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), Hijrah, Nuzul Al-Quran (The Revelation of The Quran) and Isra’ Mikraj. The Brunei government also shows its respect during the fasting month of Ramadan when all government officers and staff work only six hours daily (as opposed to the seven an half hours daily of normal working hours outside Ramadan) while all entertainment and sport activities are temporarily suspended. Doa, a very important link to God’s blessing, is incorporated in every government function and project. His Majesty also encourages the recital of the Holy Quran every morning prior to the start of work in order to obtain blessing and guidance from God.

The nation hopes that through the true adoption and practice of the MIB philosophy, the purity of Islam, the purity of the Malay race and the institution Monarchy can be maintained and preserved as a lasting legacy for future generations.

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